The Effects of Work-Family Conflict and Community Embeddedness on Employee Satisfaction: The Role of Leader-Member Exchange

  •  Igor Portoghese    
  •  Maura Galletta    
  •  Adalgisa Battistelli    


Starting from the Social Exchange Theory, this study tested a theoretical model that examined the mediating role
of Leader-Member Exchange in the relationship among two extra-work variables (Work-Family Conflict and
Community Embeddedness) and Job Satisfaction. Using structural equation modeling, the relationships among
the variables were explored in a sample of 561 health care workers from Italian Hospitals. Although not all the
hypotheses were confirmed, findings supported that leaders can be considered an important factor in the
mediation between nonwork dimension and job attitudes. Specifically, findings showed that extra-work
dimension had a direct effect on the quality of relationship with a leader, which in turn influenced the employee’
job satisfaction. The implications of these findings on future research and organizational practice are discussed.

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