Impact Analysis of Public Sector and NGO’s to Improvement of Rural Livelihoods in Sindh

  •  Muhammad Bachal Jamali    
  •  Syed Maqsood Zia Shah    
  •  Asif Ali Shah    
  •  Kamran Shafique    
  •  Faiz.M. Shaikh    


Rural livelihoods in Sindh recorded an improvement despite financial constraints, expenditure doubled between
2001 and 2006 growing at an average rate of 23% per annum. Public sector contributed significantly through
various interventions on poverty alleviation but the most worrying situation was the expenditure on food
subsides, food support programs and low cost housing has been stagnant even in nominal terms with negative
repercussions for the poor and the needy. Sindh Agricultural and forestry workers coordinating organization has
made social mobilization as core activity and entry point followed by different development interventions. The
Agha Khan rural support program provides a one time grant to complement village organizations to the
infrastructure projects. The national rural support program has lowered the levels of poverty in member
households. The Pakistan poverty alleviation fund educational program provides quality learning at primary
level in district Sanghar. Similarly PPAF has also improved health care through the provision of quality basic
health services. The young Sheedi welfare organization has establish emergency centre for disaster preparedness
and provided 600 goats to 200 beneficiaries. Badin rural development society through their effort 1500 women
and 2800 men in 60 villages are engaged in development process. The major strength of NGOs was that they
have special ability to reach the poor and other segments of society while their major weakness is small size and
budget and lack technical capacity to confront difficult situation. It is recommended that NGOs should ensure
that new technologies are introduced to help farmers improve and increase crop production.NGOs should create
a condition in which the poor are either given or enabled to acquire their assets and a peaceful environment to
benefit from those assets. Government should provide facilities for institutional building to the local NGOs this
will encourage them to work sincerely towards poverty alleviation.NGOs should not rely on government for
future projects instead they can raise funds through savings and donation from rich individuals.

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