Financial Performance of Entry Mode Decisions: Effects of Control in an Internationalization Context

  •  Anna Marie Ulrich    
  •  Britta Boyd    
  •  Svend Hollensen    


Based on a survey of 170 Danish SMEs the paper examines influences on entry mode choices and the financial
outcome of these decisions. The main research objectives are divided into two steps: Step 1: To determine the
factors influencing the choice of foreign entry modes by Danish companies. Step 2: To determine the relationship
between the choice of entry mode and export performance, measured in terms of financial outcome. Drawing
from transaction cost theory the authors develop and test a model where different factors affect the level of
control chosen by the parent company. This study contributes to the existing entry mode theory by integrating
both steps into a theoretical framework that offers substantive explanation of the connection between
independent entry mode variables, the choice of entry mode and the resulting export performance. Personal
networks and interruption of international activities were the most significant factors for the choice of
intermediate modes. The results also show that high control modes can positively affect the bottom line profit
through higher market investments and better implementation of cross border strategies. Finally, further research
suggestions and implications are provided for companies willing to invest more into foreign markets in order to
achieve a higher degree of control and better financial results.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.