Identifying the Factors That Affect the Success of Self-Efficiency and Self-Employment Plans among the Clients of Imam Khomeini's Relief Committee through the Lens of Social Entrepreneurship

  •  Mohammad Hassan Mobaraki    
  •  Alireza Mohageri    
  •  Yadollah Karami    


This study is intended to examine the relationship between the structural, environmental, and behavioral factors
with the success rate of Imam Khomeini Relief Committee's self-sufficiency and self-employment plans through
taking a social entrepreneurship approach. Our sample comprised of 152 clients and 12 social workers who were
affiliated to the abovementioned committee. As the methodology of our study, mixed method was adopted, in
that we studied the clients quantitatively through correlation regression and path analysis. On the other hand, the
social workers were treated qualitatively and though underlying theory. After analyzing the quantitative data, the
structural, environmental, and behavioral factors were found to be the predicators of success rate of these
occupational plans. In the examined structural, environmental, and behavioral factor, therefore, capital and
employment, regulations and incentives, innovation and identifying the opportunities were meaningful,
respectively. There also happened to be a correlation between our structural and behavioral factors. In analyzing
the research's qualitative data, then, these three factors were of considerable significance. In sum, the highest
rates of significance in these factors were as following: capital, employment, and communication system in the
structural factors; regulations and incentives in the environmental factors; and training, innovation, and
risk-taking in the behavioral factors.

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