Towards Improved Teaching Effectiveness in Nigerian Public Universities: Instrument Design and Validation

  •  Ijeoma Aniedi Archibong    
  •  Mbe Egom Nja    


This research is conducted to examine what is currently evaluated with respect to teaching in Nigerian public
universities and to produce instruments that would be useful for examining the course and teaching effectiveness of
course lecturers. Telephone interview of ten (10) professors in ten public Nigerian Universities is used to elicit
information on the current state of evaluation of teaching while a document analysis reveals the concerns of
National Universities Commission with lecturers during programme accreditation. Finding indicates that teaching
effectiveness is grossly ignored in the lecturer appraisal process. An 18 item questionnaire and another 15 item
questionnaire measuring teaching and course effectiveness respectively is constructed. After a test retest procedure
using four lecturers and four courses, the instruments yielded a reliability coefficient ranging from -0.568 to 0.591
for lecturers and 0.548 to 0.944 for the courses. The correlation coefficient values clearly reveal that the course
evaluation and lecturers’ evaluation forms were adequate to generate information on the course and lecturer
effectiveness. It is therefore recommended, among other things that the National Universities Commission (NUC) as
a regulatory body should make the evaluation of teaching a mandatory policy for all universities.

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