Dynamic Characteristics of Hanging Truss Having Shape Memory Alloy Wires
- Xuan Zhang
- Kazuyuki Hanahara
- Yukio Tada
In this study, we discuss the dynamics of a type of hanging truss structural system consisting of rigid and wire members, part of which are SMA (shape memory alloy) wires. This kind of truss structure has the capability of vibration isolation and absorption. Characteristics of zero compressive stiffness of wire members, SMA wire members and hanging configuration of the structure itself contribute to the effect of vibration isolation. The hysteretic loop of SMA wires plays a significant role in vibration attenuation. Mathematical models for this kind of dynamic problem are developed. Calculation process is introduced to take into account the mechanical characteristics of SMA and wire members. Dynamic characteristics are discussed; simultaneously, the effects of vibration isolation and attenuation have been confirmed. On the basis of the numerical calculations, advantages of combinations of various types of wire members, including the truss units having no bracing wires have been demonstrated.