Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-GWP and Environmentally Friendly Alternative Refrigerants

  •  Mahmood H. Khaleel    
  •  Mohammad S. Hassan    
  •  Otabeh Al-Oran    
  •  Salwa O. Mohammed    
  •  Sherwan Mohammed Najm    


Refrigerant systems, crucial for modern life, are increasingly important due to their environmental impact and rising energy costs, with their advancement influenced by social life evolution and widespread use in homes and buildings. A systematic search using thermodynamic models identified 48 possible ternary mixtures and 5 pure refrigerants. These combinations, based on thermodynamics, could provide energy savings, paving the way for real-world testing and definitive conclusions, not yet studied in literature. REFPROP refers to the reference fluid properties program, developed by NIST version 9.0 for 2010, is a program for calculating the thermodynamic and transport properties of industrially important fluids and their mixtures. This program was used to evaluate the refrigerant properties in different mixing ratios. Then, using the MATLAB version of 2020 apparatus to arrange and solve all the variables to generate the results under set boundary conditions, all the characteristics were incorporated into thermodynamic equations. when compared to R134a, the results demonstrated that mixtures of natural refrigerants usually have acceptable thermal performance; these mixtures may be recommended as suitable replacements for refrigeration and air conditioning systems because they are environmentally harmless and have a low GWP.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1927-0607
  • ISSN(Online): 1927-0615
  • Started: 2011
  • Frequency: annual