Evaluation of Five Essential Oils by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry and their Effect on Fungal Growth Inhibition and Sensory Acceptability of Soymilk


  •  Marguerite Niyibituronsa    
  •  Arnold Nola Onyango    
  •  Svetlana Gaidashova    
  •  Samuel Imathiu    
  •  Zhang Ming    
  •  Yang Ruinan    
  •  Zhang Weiqi    
  •  Wang XiuPin    
  •  Zhang Qi    
  •  Zhang Zhaowei    
  •  Li Peiwu    

Abstract

Essential oils are widely used in the food industry as natural food preservatives to extend product shelf life and as flavoring agents. However, not much has been done on their use in soymilk. The aim of the study is to determine the compounds of five essential oils by GC-MS and their effect on fungal growth inhibition and sensory acceptability of soymilk. The components of the essential oils of five spices, namely citronella, basil, cinnamon, eucalyptus and mint were analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the essential oils was tested on the fungus Aspergillus flavus 3.4408 on PDA (agar dilution method). Sensory evaluation of soymilk flavored with the essential oils of citronella, basil and mint at different concentrations was done by ten member panelists using a 9-point hedonic scale. The main compound for basil was eugenol 83.26%. Cinnamon contained cinnamaldehyde (97.3%). The main compounds in citronella (Cymbopogon nardus) were limonene (38.51%), citronellal (30.29%). Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus) essential oil mainly contained eucalyptol/cineole (76.70%), and Mint (Mentha arvensis): Menthol 42.72%, Menthone 25.72%. The MICs of citronella, basil, cinnamon, eucalyptus and mint were 5-10 µl/ml, 0.5-1 µl/ml, ≤0.1 µl/ml, >>10 µl/ml and 10-20 µl/ml, respectively. Thus, cinnamon was the most effective in inhibiting fungal growth, while eucalyptus was the least effective. These essential oils improved the soymilk flavor. Mint was the most preferred flavor, followed by citronella and basil. Thus, essential oils especially mint and citronella can be used for improving acceptability of soymilk at low concentration.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1927-0887
  • ISSN(Online): 1927-0895
  • Started: 2012
  • Frequency: bimonthly

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