Effects of Cognitive Training upon Working Memory in Individuals with ADHD: An Overview of the Literature


  •  Luísa Superbia-Guimarães    
  •  Stéphanie Mariz-Elsig    
  •  Valérie Camos    

Abstract

Commercial cognitive training programs have been proposed as a non-pharmacological treatment of ADHD-related outcomes, such as learning difficulties and academic achievement. Most of these programs focus on working memory, an essential cognitive ability sustaining nearly every conscious mental activity. In this article, we present and summarize the main studies assessing the effectiveness of such training programs on working memory. The reported studies have failed to show a positive far-transfer and long-term effect of cognitive training both in typically developing individuals and children with ADHD. In the end, we present emerging alternative approaches to the use of cognitive training to improve working memory functioning in children with ADHD.



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