Performance of Children and Adolescents on Random Number Generation as a measure of Executive Functions


  •  Georgios Chatzopoulos    
  •  Magda Dinou    
  •  Hariklia Proios    

Abstract

This study investigated the age-related differences in the random number generation (RNG) of children aged 7 to 15 years old (n=106) divided into three groups (7-9, 10-12 and 13-15 years of age) as it was compared to computer-generated pseudorandom sequences. The results showed that there was an age effect on four out of seven indices of randomization that are known to tap the Inhibition ability and the Updating ability (i.e., active manipulation of relevant information in working memory). The participants’ (children’s and adolescents’; n=106) responses were significantly different from pseudorandom sequences (n=106) produced by the RgCalc program and no gender differences were observed. The RNG task indices that reflect inhibition ability did not correlate with the participants’ performance on the Stroop color-word task. The development of executive functions in school-aged children and adolescents is discussed.



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