Construct Validity of the Two-Factor Revised Learning Process Questionnaire in a Singapore High School

  •  Chiu Wai Chow    
  •  Elaine Chapman    


The Revised Two-factor Learning Process Questionnaire (R-LPQ-2F) is an instrument for assessing students’ learning approaches at the high school level. The instrument has significant potential for use in Singapore schools, but as yet, has not been validated in this context. This study evaluated the validity attributes of the R-LPQ-2F in a sample of Singapore senior high school students. The sample comprised 455 Year 11 students (266 male, 189 female) from Singapore. The internal structure of the R-LPQ-2F was evaluated by replicating the confirmatory factor analyses published in previous validations of the instrument, and assessing its internal consistencies and inter-scale correlations. Relationships between the R-LPQ-2F subscales and external variables were also evaluated. Results indicated that for the Deep Approach scale, a one-factor model fit the data well. For the Surface Approach scale, a four-factor model (Fear of Failure; Aim for Qualification; Minimizing Scope of Study; and Memorization) was found to fit the data best. Correlations between scores on the R-LPQ-2F subscales, on the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire, and a physics achievement test demonstrated expected patterns of correlation. Overall, results obtained in this study supported the construct validity of the R-LPQ-2F for use with Singapore high school students.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1927-0526
  • ISSN(Online): 1927-0534
  • Started: 2011
  • Frequency: semiannual

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