Therapeutic Strategies (Resiliency & Self-Control) in Reducing Late Adolescents’ Risky Smoking Behaviour in Oyo State, Nigeria

  •  Titilola Adebowale    


Cigarette Smoking is one of the risky behavioural problems of exploration and experimentation of the
adolescents. One of every six Nigerian adolescents is a smoker, hence the adolescents need help. This study
investigates the efficacy of resiliency and self-control strategies on the management of late adolescents’ risky
smoking behavior. The study adopted experimental design with a 3x2 factorial index. 120 senior secondary
school students were randomly selected from three secondary schools, consisting of only male students with
diverse characteristics. The treatment lasted for eight weeks. Adolescents Smoking Behaviour Assessment
Questionnaire was used for the study. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was adopted for the
reliability with internal consistency of 0.95 (r=0.95). The choice of items and its selection determined the content
validity, with 25 items finally used. Two hypotheses were postulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The
findings reveal that self-control strategy significantly affect smoking behaviour of the late adolescents (F(1,
39)=18.103, P<0.05). Also resiliency strategy significantly affect the smoking behavior of the late adolescents
(F(1, 39) =15.883, P<0.05). The two strategies are effective in the management of late adolescents’ risky smoking
behaviour. The duo can always complement each other in treatment.

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