The Effectiveness of Visuo- Motor Behavior Rehearsal (VMBR) to Reduce the Anxiety and to Improve Self Concept for Athletes with Special Needs

  •  Aziz Alrahamneh    
  •  Hayfa Elbokai    


This study was an eight-week, 12-session experiment designed to examine the effect of Visuo-Motor Behavior
Rehearsal (VMBR) on the athletes with special needs. Subjects were 63 male and female athletes from Jordanian
disabilities national teams ranging in age from 20 to 35. Based on a pre-assessment of subjects' anxiety and
self-control scales, the experimental group assigned to experimental conditions VMBR. Post-assessment data for
experimental performance was analyzed by means of two groups. A significant main effect for the experimental
group was observed, indicating that, there was a significant improvement in self-concept and low anxiety from
pre- to post-assessment.

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