An Empirical Investigation of the Association between Creative Advertising and Advertising Effectiveness in Pakistan

  •  Wisal Ahmad    
  •  Zahid Mahmood    


The importance of creativity in advertising as one of the primary factor for advertising effectiveness has been
much advocated by advertising professionals and academicians particularly in a cluttered media. Industry experts
argue that advertisements have to be more creative to break through the greater media clutter and develop an
impression for the brand. This study examines the potential effectiveness of award winning television
advertisements in Pakistan in both single and three advertising exposures. To ensure a real life advertising
situation, both creative and control advertisements were embedded in a television program which were shown to
two separate groups of research subjects with single and three advertising exposures respectively. Based on
recall of the experimental advertisements in single and three exposures, subjects’ tapped their responses about
brand and advertisement attitude and lastly purchase intent. Contrary to expectations, the finding of this study in
single exposure does not verify the superior performance of creative advertising in terms of recall, brand and
advertisement attitude and purchase intent. However, in three exposures, creative advertisements developed
significantly more favorable brand and advertisement attitude and greater unaided brand recall than control
advertisements. Creative advertisements developed greater mean purchase intent for the advertised brands than
control group of advertisements; however, it just slipped from attaining significance. Being an optimum and
more mature response of research participants in three exposures as compared to single exposure, the results of
this study in three exposures conclude that creative advertisements are really more effective than conventional
advertisements and bestow value to the advertised brands.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1918-719X
  • ISSN(Online): 1918-7203
  • Started: 2009
  • Frequency: quarterly

Journal Metrics

Google-based Impact Factor (2021): 1.34

h-index (July 2022): 70

i10-index (July 2022): 373

Learn more