Differences in Employee Motivation at Slovak Primary Schools in Rural and Urban Areas

  •  Miloš Hitka    
  •  Katarína Stachová    
  •  Žaneta Balážová    
  •  Zdenko Stacho    


In spite of turbulent urbanisation in Slovakia we assume that the 21st century is also a period of differences in value criteria of people living in rural and urban areas. The level of urbanisation, i.e. inhabitant movement from the countryside to towns and the level of suburbanisation, i.e. inhabitant movement from towns to the countryside, are essential urbanisation processes that must be in the centre of our attention in order to understand the individual behaviour in our society more effectively. School and education plays a key role in life of almost all people. This environment affects pupils as well as teachers. Teachers are significant members of the society and influence its further development. Teaching strategies, organisation and management of classroom activities, the use of activation procedures and effective tools for the assessment of educational progress depend greatly on teachers that must be prepared professionally with appropriate qualification. In the paper we deal with the issue of motivational differences of teachers at primary schools (sampling unit consists of 2151 teachers) in Slovakia due to work location (countryside-town). Result of the research, despite small significant differences, is the statement that unified motivation programme for primary school staff can be created.

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