Assessing Special Needs of Students with Hearing Impairment in Jordan and Its Relation to Some Variables

  •  Ibrahim A. El-Zraigat    


The main purpose of the present study was to assess special needs for students with hearing impairment. The sample of the study consisted of 231 students enrolled at schools for deaf children in Jordan, 113 males and 118 females. A special needs scale was developed and used in assessing special needs for students. The reliability and validity of the scale were established. The investigator used the t-test and ANOVA to answer the research questions. The results indicated that the differences between all pairs of means for both male and female respondents were statistically non-significant. Also, findings showed that the hearing-impaired students who have 55-69 dB hearing loss were more affected by communication needs, audiological rehabilitation needs, and learning style needs than hearing-impaired students who have 90 dB hearing loss and beyond hearing loss. In addition to, findings revealed that the grade groups of 2-5 and 6-8 were more affected than grade group of 9-11 for the following dependent variables: communication needs, social and emotional needs, personal needs, behavioral needs, and academic needs. Also, the grade group of 6-8 was more affected than the grade groups of 2-5 and 9-11 with respect to the dependent variable of learning style needs. Differences between mean scores of students who used sign language and total communication were in favor of students who used total communication on the dimensions of communication needs, audiological rehabilitation needs, behavioral needs, and learning style needs. The study recommended on meeting the needs of students with hearing impairment throughout planned programs.

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