Jomtien to Jomtien: The Evolving Coordination Process of Education for All 1990-2011

  •  Hiroshi Ito    


UNESCO’s EFA coordination mechanisms have been serving political platforms for EFA stakeholders for over 20 years. During the Ninth Meeting of the High-Level Group on EFA (HLG) in 2010, however, UNESCO was called on to enhance the effectiveness of the coordination mechanisms. This paper examines the EFA coordination mechanisms between the World Conference in Jomtien in 1990 and the 10th HLG in Jomtien in 2011 and identifies three reasons behind the call to revitalize the mechanisms: (1) EFA stakeholders’ weakened commitment to EFA, (2) decreased education funding and (3) the diminished prospect of meeting EFA goals. The paper concludes by summarizing the direction of the new EFA coordination mechanisms that have been put in place since the HLG in 2011.

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