Training Transfer: A New Model in the United Arab Emirates General Education Sector—Hybridization of the Theory of Planned Behavior with the Training Transfer Model

  •  Saeed Khalifa Alshaali    
  •  Kamal Ab Hamid    
  •  Ali Ali Al-Ansi    


This study investigates variables in training transfer in the general education (school) sector of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) by hybridizing the established training transfer model and the theory of planned behavior (TPB). The hybridized model employs four variables: (i) supervisor support, (ii) training design, (iii) intention to transfer, and (iv) training transfer. This model is used to test nine hypotheses. The study sample comprised 225 employees from the UAE general education sector. Study participants (respondents to a questionnaire) were recruited by simple random sampling. The study questionnaire data was analyzed using Partial least squares structural equation modeling PLS-SEM. The study model had a good fit confirming a good fit of the hypothesized model to the empirical data. Eight out of nine hypotheses were accepted. The study is generally parallel with TPB. It demonstrates that intention to transfer has a dominant and central (mediating) influence on transfer process and transfer behavior. Remarkably, supervisor support is important only in the pre-training phase. For the UAE education sector to succeed in effective training transfer, supervisors must be properly trained to design training programs, particularly to enhance the trainee’s intention to apply training on the job. This study proved empirically that designing training is a critical influence of a trainee’s intention to apply training. Training design and intention to transfer are mediators and play a central role in promoting the training transfer process. Future studies should focus on including TPB and intention in the training transfer researches.

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