An Amplitude-Based Modeling Method and its Application on the Impedance Inversion in Heterogeneous Paleokarst Carbonate Reservoirs

  •  Yuanyin Zhang    
  •  Zandong Sun    
  •  Zhijun Jin    
  •  Ning Dong    
  •  Yequan Chen    
  •  Xiwu Liu    


For the modeling of complex reservoirs with strong heterogeneity, for instance the deeply buried paleokarst reservoirs in the Tarim Basin, the traditional method by lateral interpolation and extrapolation of measured logs between well locations with the guiding of interpreted seismic horizons is driven by distance and often leads to non-geologic solutions, while the past improvements via adding seismic velocities or attributes information are still not accurate due to the resolution limitation or AVO (amplitude versus offset) effects contamination. In this paper, we present an amplitude-based modeling method by utilizing the heterogeneous information from seismic data to guide the geological model construction, based on the inverted pure P-wave data which have removed the AVO effects. The proposed method is applied in the impedance inversion of the paleokarst carbonate reservoirs in the Tarim Basin, where the reservoirs are characterized by substantial heterogeneity. Both the constructed Low frequency model (LFM) and the inverted impedance results of proposed method are more correlative with drilling data than that of traditional method. This method is more beneficial for strong heterogeneous reservoirs description especially in well insufficient or absent areas, suggested by the comparisons with traditional methods in the ZG8 area.

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