Estimating Aquifer Hydraulic Properties in Bida Basin, Central Nigeria Using Empirical Methods

  •  Idris-Nda Abdullahi    


An evaluation of the aquifer properties of the inland sedimentary Bida basin, central Nigeria, was conducted using empirical methods derived from particle size distribution curves. The main aquifer properties determined were hydraulic conductivity, porosity, effective porosity and coefficient of uniformity. Samples for analysis were obtained from test water wells drilled to 100m in selected parts of the Basin. The empirical method used was the Hazens method, while porosity was determined in the laboratory. The results show that three levels of aquifers generally exist in the Basin. The aquifer material consist of well sorted medium sand to fine gravel. The upper aquifer occurs at a depth of between 10 – 18m and has a hydraulic conductivity of 18.5m/d and effective porosity of 9.0. The second, or middle, aquifer occurs at a depth of between 45 – 65m and has a hydraulic conductivity of 37m/d and effective porosity of 20. The third, or lower, aquifer occurs between 80 – 100m and has a hydraulic conductivity of 32m/d and effective porosity of 24. Effective porosity generally increases with depth in the basin indicating coarsening up of the sandstone with fewer fine grained cementing material. Mean hydraulic conductivity value is 29.16m/d, porosity 63%, effective porosity of 6.7 and coefficient of uniformity of 2.8. The results have therefore shown that it is possible to obtain quantitative results from particle size distribution curves that are useful for the determination of hydraulic properties of aquifers.

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