The Use of Flipped Classroom Technology Approach with E-Writing Program to Develop Writing and Promote Active Learning Environment of Thai EFL Learners

  •  Pongpatchara Kawinkoonlasate    


The utilization of technology and digitalization has ushered in substantial changes within the education system, exerting a profound influence on the processes of teaching and learning. This study introduces an innovative approach, the flipped classroom learning method, with the objective of enhancing the writing skills of learners. The research encompasses the following objectives:

(1) To evaluate the impact of the flipped classroom learning approach, combined with the e-Writing instructional design program, on the writing skills of EFL (English as a Foreign Language) learners.

(2) To investigate the creation of an active learning environment for learners who have experienced the flipped classroom learning approach with the e-Writing instructional design program.

(3) To explore the attitudes of EFL learners regarding the implementation of the flipped learning approach with the e-Writing instructional design program within a writing classroom.

This study involved 30 participants enrolled in an Essay Writing course, selected through a purposive sampling method. Six research instruments were employed:

(1) Flipped classroom lesson plans

(2) Achievement tests

(3) Questionnaires

(4) Flipped classroom learning technology with a model for an e-Writing instructional design program

(5) Interview questions

(6) Focus group discussions

Data collection took place during the second semester of the Academic Year 2022, with data analysis conducted using SPSS for quantitative data and coding and content analysis for qualitative data. The primary findings demonstrated that the flipped classroom learning approach effectively enhanced learners' writing tasks, bolstering motivation and cultivating a more favorable learning environment that positively impacted the quality of writing. Learners responded positively to the flipped classroom approach, reporting increased engagement in active learning. Consequently, it is recommended that the flipped classroom learning approach be considered as a viable instructional alternative to cultivate a more meaningful learning environment and elevate learners' academic performance.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.