Intrinsic Feedback vs. Extrinsic Feedback on Developing Oral Fluency and Self-Concept of Iraqi English (EFL) Students

  •  Ismail Bagheridoust    
  •  Buraq Hamid Hashim Al-Bakirat    


This study mainly examines internal and external feedback on Iraqi EFL learners' oral language ability and self-concept development. Researchers tested the research questions, followed the statistical procedures of the situation, and arrived at thoroughly prepared statistical results. After t test analysis and interpretation of mean differences, the mean of verbal fluency in the external feedback group attracted much more attention than the verbal fluency of students receiving internal feedback. However, the same story does not apply to the development of self-concept in both groups. the self-esteem average of students who received external feedback is slightly lower than the average of students in the internal feedback group. The self-perception of students who received internal feedback in class changed over time and they became more confident students with their own self-image. They felt more independent than before.

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