Effect of Stirring on Crystal Morphologies and on Macro-Segregation
- Toshio Fujimura
- J. K. Brimacombe
AbstractTo minimize the macro-segregation in continuously cast steel slabs, the effects of the stirring on the macro-segregation were studied. Industrial findings by the metallographic observations of the steel slabs showed macro-segregation was improved by the refinements of crystals. It was also found that the stirring at low fraction solid refined crystals. The unsolidified liquid core of the continuously cast slab with the optimum stirring was well packed with the refined crystals whereas it was not with coarse equiaxed crystals. The analogue study with experiments of Pb-Sn alloy showed, similarly as with steel slabs, the stirring at low solid fraction refined crystals. Also, the artificially created cavity in a mush was well packed with the refined, globular, crystals whereas it was not with the coarse dendritic crystals. Thus, it is considered the stirring at the low solid fraction is advantageous to refine crystals and to improve macro-segregation.
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