Cobalt(II) and Zinc(II) Complexes of Hexamethylenetetramine as Single Source Precursors for their Metal Oxide Nanoparticles


  •  Che Tabong    
  •  Agwara Ondoh    
  •  Divine Yufanyi    
  •  Josepha Foba    

Abstract

Co3O4 and ZnO nanoparticles with different morphologies were synthesised by the thermal decomposition of single source precursors obtained from readily available and eco-friendly starting materials (hexamethylenetetramine and metal nitrates). The precursors, which were characterized by elemental analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction and thermal gravimetric analysis, were calcined at 500ºC for 2 h, and the oxide samples obtained were characterized by FTIR, X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), selected area electron diffraction (SAED), and nitrogen physisorption. XRD showed that the oxides obtained were crystalline and free of extraneous impurity phases. The morphology of the nanoparticles obtained changed from cube-like (Co3O4) to hexagonal-prism like morphology (ZnO), while the particle size increased from 19.6 to 64.5 nm, respectively. The method used simple and cheap precursors, which should make it suitable for large-scale synthesis.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1927-0585
  • ISSN(Online): 1927-0593
  • Started: 2012
  • Frequency: quarterly

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