Anisotropic fibre-reinforced plastics as formworks for single and double-curved textile reinforced concrete

  •  Henrik L. Funke    
  •  Sandra Gelbrich    
  •  Andreas Ehrlich    
  •  Lars Ulke-Winter    
  •  Lothar Kroll    


A new constructive and technological approach was developed for the efficient production of large-dimensioned, curved freeform formworks, which allows the manufacturing of single and double-curved textile reinforced concrete elements. The approach is based on a flexible, multi-layered formwork system, which consists of glass-fibre reinforced plastic (GFRP). Using the unusual structural behavior caused by anisotropy, these GFRP formwork elements permit a specific adjustment of defined curvature. The system design of the developed GFRP formwork and the concrete-lightweight-elements with stabilized spacer fabric was examined exhaustively. Prototypical curved freeform surfaces with different curvature radii were designed, numerically computed and produced. Furthermore, the fabric’s contour accuracy of the fabric was verified, and its integration was adjusted to loads.

The developed textile reinforced concrete (TRC) had 3-point bending tensile strength of 41.51 MPa. Beyond that, it was ensured that the TRC had a high durability, which has been shown by the capillary suction of de-icing solution and freeze thaw test with a total amount of scaled material of 1172 g/m² and a relative dynamic E-Modulus of 100% after 28 freeze-thaw cycles.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1927-0585
  • ISSN(Online): 1927-0593
  • Started: 2012
  • Frequency: quarterly

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