Effect of Short Fiber Fillers on the Optical Properties of Composite Resins
- Sufyan Garoushi
- Pekka Vallittu
- Lippo Lassila
Objectives: The aim was to evaluate the effect of different fractions of fiber fillers on the translucency and color change of short fiber composite with various thicknesses.
Methods: Fiber composite resin was prepared by mixing resin matrix with various weight fractions of short (3 mm in length) E-glass fiber fillers (0, 11.7, 21.0, 28.5, 34.7 wt%) and then silane treated particulate silica fillers were gradually added by using high speed mixing machine. Particulate filler composite resin without fibers was used as control. Composite resins disks of 10 mm in diameter and with various thicknesses (1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, and 5.0 mm) of each group were prepared (n=3). Translucency parameter (TP) and color change (?E) were calculated over a white and black background using spectrophotometer to determine the CIELAB values of each specimen. Data were statistically analyzed with analysis of variance (ANOVA).
Results: ANOVA revealed that fraction of fiber fillers had a significant effect (P<0.05) on the translucency and color change values of the short fiber composite resin. Translucency values at various thicknesses of short fiber composite was significantly lower than particulate filler composite with same total fillers weight fractions.
Significance: Inclusion of short glass fiber fillers reduced the translucency values of the composite resins. Thus, the masking ability of short fiber composite resin at various thicknesses was better than particulate filler composite. Color change was also altered with an increase of fractions of fiber fillers.
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