Analysis of Social-Economic Factors on Population Change in Heilongjiang Province

  •  Ying Zhou    
  •  Haiyan Gu    


The population is a constituent element of human society and is one of the indicators of a country's comprehensive strength. The quantity and quality of population directly determine the level of development of a country or region. Too small a population makes a country or region lack the motivation to develop, and too large a population strains local resources. Therefore, the state introduces relevant policies to regulate the population quantity in China. The analysis of the factors influencing the change in population size helps assess the current state of development and is essential for planning its future prosperity. This paper analyzes the impact of social-economics factors on population size change in Heilongjiang province since China's reform and opening up using double-logarithmic model (DLM) estimated by Elastic Net estimation (ENE). Meanwhile, this paper provides some policy recommendations to promote the growth of population size in Heilongjiang Province.

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