Determinants of Capital Adequacy Ratio of Banks in Botswana

  •  Hassan Kablay    
  •  Victor Gumbo    


Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) plays a very important role in the financial success of banks and acts as a buffer to prevent and absorb any unexpected losses. This study examines explanatory variables that influence CAR for nine banks in Botswana. Multiple linear regression was used for analysis, with CAR as the dependent variable and thirteen financial ratios as the independent variables. The study period is 2015-2019. Based on the data for this period, it was established that out of the thirteen financial ratios utilised, only four were found to have significant impact on the CAR of the nine banks under study, which are: Asset to Equity Ratio (A E), Return on Equity (ROE), Non-Performing Loans Ratio (NPL RATIO) and the Cost-to-Income Ratio (C I). The A E Ratio was found to be the most influential driver of the CAR and the NPL Ratio was found to be the least influential driver of the CAR for the banks under study.

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