Biochemical Characterization and Nutritional Profile of Jam and Syrup from Saba senegalensis fruit in Côte d'Ivoire

  •  Hadja M. F. Diabagate    
  •  Souleymane Traore    
  •  Doudjo Soro    
  •  Mohamed Cisse    
  •  Kouakou Brou    


Saba senegalensis is a plant to the family of Apocynaceae and its fruit called Saba is mainly used as food. For better valorisation, this study aimed to evaluate the nutritional potential of jam and syrup derived of this fruit. The study was carried out on the fruit of Saba senegalensis harvested in the north of Côte d'Ivoire. After jam and syrup formulation, pH, dry matter, ash, macronutrients, vitamins, minerals, phytonutrients, anti-nutritionals factors and nutritional profile have been determined. The results showed that jam and syrup of Saba were acidic with respective pH of 3.11 ± 0.01 and 3.65 ± 0.05. They contented higher in carbohydrates with respective rates of 56.53 ± 0.24 % and 66.27 ± 1.08 %. Vitamin C rate in jam and syrup was respectively about 20.01 ± 0.01 mg/100 g and 18.33 ± 2.22 mg/100 g. The most important mineral was potassium which rate is 136.71 ± 4.08 mg/100 g and 241.76 ± 5.9 mg/100 g in jam and syrup respectively. They also contain phytonutrients such as polyphenols (respectively 103.18 ± 0.69 mg/100 g and 3.29 ± 0.02 mg/100 g) and antinutritional factors such as oxalates (respectively 102.01 ± 6.93 mg/100 g and 19.96 ± 0.01 mg/100 g). Nutritional profile has classified Saba Senegalensis jam and syrup to the group 4 of foods, foods that must be eaten occasionally. The transformation of Saba in jam and syrup could be a good way to valorise this fruit and also ensuring its consumption through the year.

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