Critical Multicultural Education Competencies Scale: A Scale Development Study

  •  Yasemin Acar-Ciftci    


The purpose of this study is to develop a scale in order to identify the critical mutlicultural education competencies of teachers. For this reason, first of all, drawing on the knowledge in the literature, a new conceptual framework was created with deductive method based on critical theory, critical race theory and critical multicultural education theory, which includes dimensions of awareness, knowledge, attitude and skill. In accordance with this framework, experimental form consisting of 56 items was submitted to experts for consideration. In accordance with the responses of the experts, content validity rate of the items was identified and the items which were below. 80 level were excluded from the study. The pilot study form consisting of 45 items, was applied to teachers who work preschools, primary and secondary school and the data which was obtained from 421 teachers in total were analyzed. Through the Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), a structure consisting of “Awareness”, “Attitude’’, “Knowledge” and “Skill” and 42 items was reached. The relationship between sub-dimensions of the scale was examined and it was observed that the factors were positively and significantly correlated with each other. In this case, it was concluded that scale supports the theory. After the analysis, it was confirmed that the sub-dimensions were the components of a structure called critical multicultural education competency and that together they form a higher structure. It was determined that the goodness of fit index of the model is quite high. Confirmatory Factor Analysis also confirmed the results of EFA. The internal coefficient of concordance was determined as .845 for the whole scale.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1927-5250
  • ISSN(Online): 1927-5269
  • Started: 2012
  • Frequency: bimonthly

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