The Effect of Manipulatives on Mathematics Achievement and Attitudes of Secondary School Students

  •  Hakki Kontas    


The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of manipulatives (concrete learning materials) both on the academic achievement of secondary school students in mathematics and on their attitudes towards mathematics. Pretest-posttest control group experimental model, which is one of the quasi-experimental research designs, was used in the study. The study group consisted of 48 seventh grade students (24 in experiment group and 24 in control group) studying in a state school in the Southeastern Region of Turkey in 2014-2015 school year. The ages of students range between 13 and 14. Mathematics achievement test and mathematics attitude scale were applied in order to collect the research data. As a result of the research, posttest mathematics academic achievement scores of experiment and control groups were found to differ significantly in favor of posttests in both groups. The scores of attitude towards mathematics for experiment and control groups were significantly different in posttests in favor of the experiment group.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1927-5250
  • ISSN(Online): 1927-5269
  • Started: 2012
  • Frequency: bimonthly

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