Strategy-Based Math Instruction for Secondary Students with Learning Difficulties: A Replication Study

  •  Matthias Grünke    
  •  Jennifer Karnes    
  •  Anne Barwasser    
  •  Mack Burke    


This paper presents a replication study investigating the effectiveness of a strategy to assist students with learning difficulties in adding fractions. Drawing on the research conducted by Grünke et al. (2023), this single-case analysis extends the application of the Look, Ask, Pick (LAP) mnemonic technique initially introduced by Test and Ellis (2005) to struggling sixth-grade students. Employing a multiple-baseline design, we implemented the LAP strategy with four participants in a time lagged fashion. Significant improvements were observed in their fraction performance, demonstrating the intervention’s potential to enhance understanding and proficiency. The students highly appreciated the strategy, deeming it of great importance. In conclusion, we address the limitations of our study, propose directions for future research, and delve into the implications for teachers. This research contributes to the understanding of fraction interventions and offers valuable insights into facilitating the mathematical progress of students facing challenges.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1927-5250
  • ISSN(Online): 1927-5269
  • Started: 2012
  • Frequency: bimonthly

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