Evidence-Based Practices in Special Education: A Reflection on the Philosophy, Research and Teaching

  •  Chi Cheng Wu    
  •  Jiraporn Chano    
  •  Herli Salim    
  •  Jeffrey Kritzer    


Some researchers have taken evidence-based practices (EBPs) as the main solution for enhancing the learning outcomes of students with disabilities. The manner in which the application of EBPs assumes teaching strategies to be aligned with students’ learning problems or disability situations betrays a mechanical approach to dealing with issues of students with disabilities. Post/positivism and scientific methods are underpinning threads supporting these developments. Yet, the complexity of teaching practice tends to be overlooked and scientific methods overextended. In this background, this article reviews the philosophy of science so that a more complete and historical understanding of science is represented, which is helpful in facilitating the discipline to draw attention to the limitations of current discussions about EBPs. Subsequently, we raise three ways to elucidate the research and teaching practices. First, ontological, epistemological and methodological diversities should be practiced to interrogate issues related to EBPs. Second, alternative methodologies should be encouraged to counter the environmental and systematic barriers compromising students’ learning difficulties. Last, a problem-solving approach should be used to compete with a mechanistic approach in responding to students' learning difficulties.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1927-5250
  • ISSN(Online): 1927-5269
  • Started: 2012
  • Frequency: bimonthly

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