Germination and Seedling Growth of Genotypes Crambe abyssinica Submitted to Water Deficit

  •  Priscila C. S. Braga    
  •  João Paulo R. Martins    
  •  Mauro V. Pacheco    
  •  Railda M. Borges    
  •  Robson Bonomo    
  •  Daniela Cassol    
  •  Antelmo R. Falqueto    


Determining drought tolerance in plants is an increasingly important feature due to the reduction of water resources, since water stress is one of the main environmental factors that limit agricultural growth and productivity. The objective of this study was to evaluate the tolerance of crambe (Crambe abyssinica Hochst) genotypes submitted to water stress induced by polyethylene glycol during germination and early growth of seedlings. A randomized block experimental design was used in a factorial scheme consisting of five crambe genotypes (FMS Brilhante, FMS CR 1203, 1307, 1312 and 1326) and five levels of osmotic potential [0.0 (control), -0.2, -0.4, -0.5 and -0.6 MPa] in five replicates of 40 seeds. Germination rate (%), normal seedling development (%), germination speed index, root and shoot length, total fresh matter, and water content of seedlings (%) were analyzed. Physiological quality of seeds and initial development of crambe genotypes was improved in the group submitted to Ψw = -0.2 MPa. Germination and vigor index of crambe seeds were hampered by reduction of the potential to -0.4 MPa. The genotype FMS CR 1203 was the most tolerant to water stress, whereas FMS CR 1307 and 1312 were the most sensitive, as corroborated by PCA.

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