Biomass Accumulation and Growth of Common Bean Plants Under Water and Salt Stresses

  •  Gustavo da S. Vieira    
  •  Fernando R. Cabral Filho    
  •  Fernando N. Cunha    
  •  Carlos R. Rodrigues    
  •  Marconi B. Teixeira    
  •  Tatiana M. Rodrigues    
  •  Samara S. Viana    
  •  Vitor M. Veneziano    
  •  Renato G. Guimarães Júnior    
  •  Frederico A. L. Soares    
  •  Cicero T. S. Costa    
  •  Vitória R. de C. Martins    


When it is said about quality and quantity of water supplied through irrigation, for common bean cultivation, it is considered sensitive to water and saline stress. The objective of this work was to evaluate the biomass accumulation and growth of common bean plants (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) subjected to irrigation with different water depths, using water with different electrical conductivities. The experiment was carried out in pots under a protected environment located in an experimental area of the Federal Institute of Goiás, Rio Verde Campus, in the city of Rio Verde, Goiás. The design was a randomized complete block design in a 4 × 2 factorial scheme with three replications. 25, 50, 75 and 100% of the evapotranspiration of the crop, and two types of electrical conductivity of irrigation water equal to 0.6 and 3.0 dS m-1. All variables were analyzed using the SISVAR® software, whose mean values for the electrical conductivity treatments were compared by Tukey test at 0.05% probability and water replacement by regression analysis, when significant. The use of irrigation water with electrical conductivity of 3 dS m-1 reduces plant height, number of green leaves and stem diameter at 35 days after sowing, thus reducing dry biomass accumulation and aerial part water accumulation at 20 and 70 days after sowing. The deleterious effects under the dry mass of the aerial part at 70 days after sowing, when using an electrical conductivity of 3 dS m-1, are accentuated by the increase of the water dephts.

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