Effect of Calcium Hypochlorite in Drip Irrigation System After Application of Red Potassium Chloride

  •  F. L. Suszek    
  •  M. A. Vilas Boas    
  •  S. C. Sampaio    


The use of water in agriculture should be monitored in order to be more efficient, with irrigation being the largest consumer of water in rural areas. Small farmers who are part of family farming have few resources to develop profitable activities and aiming their well-being, have created family irrigation kits which is a small drip irrigation system. The systems durability depends of some factors like clogging risk of drippers, which is often caused by the quality of the water used or the application of fertilizers to the irrigation water. This research aimed to analyze a family irrigation system with application of red potassium chloride, followed by a chemical agent to clear drippers (calcium hypochlorite) with water application before and after the fertilizer and chemical products (four treatments). At the after, the evaluations were analyzed with statistical quality control charts where the problem was detected in the final of application of the fertilizer, and the process capacity was analyzed showing that it was capable and also was analyzed the degree of system clogging in relation to the obstruction with the fertilizer and clearing with the chemical agent, which resulted in the recovery of the irrigation system (initial flow and distribution uniformity same the final) with recommendations for the use of fertilizers by drip irrigation like open the end lines after the fertigation and dissolve the fertilizer fully before application.

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