Effect of Millet Growth, N Sources and Previous Phosphorus Availability on the Efficiency of P Sources

  •  Lucas de Ávila Silva    
  •  Edson Marcio Mattiello    
  •  Wedisson Oliveira Santos    
  •  Reinaldo Bertola Cantarutti    
  •  Ivo Ribeiro da Silva    


The efficiency of phosphate fertilization has been a major challenge for tropical agriculture. Lately, cover plants better adapted to tropical conditions have allowed non-tillage in these areas. Our aim was to investigate the effects of soil and plant (millet) on the efficiency of different P sources combined with N sources in an oxisol with medium and low initial P availability. For this, rhizotubes filled with oxisol under different combinations of P and N source were exposed to the absence and presence of millet plant (Pennisetum glaucum L., Leeke). We characterized the soil before and after, as well the fertilizer sources and plants. There was no effect of medium or low initial P availability in the soil on the P recovery rate (PRR). NH4+ was advantageous mainly combined with a soluble P source, increasing up to 40% the P recovery rate in relation to NO3. Bayóvar phosphate rock (PR) had higher solubilization than Araxá PR, as well as a significant soil pH increase. Without plants, there was no significant correlation among the variables evaluated, evidencing the plant’s role in dissolving less soluble P sources in an oxisol. Our findings suggest no effect of previous medium P availability on the P recovery rate regardless of phosphorus sources. In addition, an improvement in the P recovery rate when an ammoniacal source is used is observed when soluble phosphate fertilizers are used. Cover plants on oxisols are crucial for increasing the efficiency of phosphorus fertilizers and their plant availability over time.

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