Phosphate Fertilization Reduces the Severity of Asian Soybean Rust Under High Disease Pressure

  •  Ana Claudia R. Mochko    
  •  Laércio Zambolim    
  •  Douglas F. Parreira    


Mineral nutrition of plants is a strategy that can be used in the management of plant diseases. Therefore, the objective of this work is to determine which phosphorus dose reduces the severity of Asian soybean rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi) with or without chemical control. Two trials were conducted under field conditions with six P doses (0, 25, 50, 100, 200 and 400 mg/dm³), and two trials in 100 L pots at P doses 0, 100, 200 and 400 mg/dm3. The inoculation of border rows and inoculation directly on plants in pots was performed with 105/mL of fungus urediniospores 15 days before the application of fungicide to increase the disease pressure. The application of fungicide (azoxystrobin + ciproconazole) was carried out at the R1 stage, and afterwards the mixture was reapplied three times in chemical control treatments. The results showed that the application of triazol + strobilurin fungicides in the presence of P decreased the severity of the disease (area under disease progress curve and disease infection rate) greater than in the absence of the fungicides. The productivity and levels of chlorophyll a, b and total also increased with chemical control in the presence of P. The dose 400 mg/dm3 of P was the most efficient in a soil with a low fertility, and 200 mg/dm³ was efficient in a soil with a high fertility. In conclusion the application of the fungicides triazol + strobilurin was very important to get good control of Asian soybean rust; phosphate fertilization contributed to the amelioration of Asian soybean rust.

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