Effect of Boron Supplement on Yield of Wheat Grown in Calcareous Soils of Different Textural Classes under Arid Conditions

  •  Baydaa H. A. Al-Ameri    
  •  Suad A. Al-Saedi    
  •  Ibrahim B. Razaq    


Boron sufficiency supply to plant in calcareous soils of arid regions is severely reduced under arid climatic conditions. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the effect of Boron (B) fertilization on yield of Wheat grown in calcareous soils of arid regions. Boron was added at two rates namely 0 and 0.5 mg B kg-1 soil to three most common textured class’s soils. Straw and grain yield was determined on oven dried basis. B content of plants was determined as well. Straw and grain yield of wheat was significantly increased by (67.0 and 87.1%), (24.5 and 82%) and (64.5 and 48%) under the addition of 0.5 mg B Kg-1 soil over that of no B addition to clay, loam and sandy loam soil, respectively. Results also showed that wheat grown on the coarse-textured soil had the least B uptake per pot compared to loam and clay textured soils. B content in straw and grain was increased by (77.4 and 121%), (81.2 and 157%) and (184 and 96.9%) under B addition compared to those of zero B addition to clay soil, loam soil and sandy loamy soil, respectively. Response to B addition, significantly, increased in all soils due to increase of available B content in soils which may suggest the importance of adding adequate rate of B application under cropping system of arid regions.

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