Effect of Cooling Root-Zone Temperature on Growth, Yield and Nutrient Uptake in Cucumber Grown in Hydroponic System During Summer Season in Cooled Greenhouse

  •  Muthir S. Al-Rawahy    
  •  Salim A. Al-Rawahy    
  •  Yaseen A. Al-Mulla    
  •  Saleem K. Nadaf    


Optimum cool root zone temperature positively influences the production of greenhouse vegetables grown during summer/high temperature period under hydroponics system. Hence, the effect of root-zone temperature was investigated on the growth, yield and nutrient uptake of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) plants grown in pots filled with perlite medium under recirculating hydroponic system in greenhouse during summer period (June-August) in two consecutive years 2016/2017 and 2017/2018 using three cooling treatments-T1 (22 ºC), T2 (25 ºC) and T3 (28 ºC) and non-cooled treatment T4 (33 ºC) as control in Randomized Complete Design (RCD). All the treatments received the same nutrient concentrations. Significant (p < 0.05) differences were observed for all the characters viz. plant height, leaf number/m2, chlorophyll content, leaf area (cm2), fruit number /m2, yield (t/gh), fresh (g) and dry matter weight (g) of shoot and root at all cooled root-zone temperatures as compared to control in both the years. Plants at cooled root-zone temperature (RZT) of 22 ºC gave high number of fruits/m2 to the extent of 180 in 2016/2017 and 220 in 2017/2018 followed by that at 25 ºC (167, 221) and 28 ºC (178, 143) as compared to those in control (33 ºC) (101,133) in both the years. Similarly, highest fruit yields were found at cooled RZT of 22 ºC (5.0 t/gh) and 28 ºC (4.7 t/gh) in the first year and 22 ºC (6.1 t/gh) and 25 ºC (6.0 t/gh) in the second year. The plants at cooled RZT responded positively and significantly (p < 0.05) in the uptake of all nutrient elements in shoots and roots in comparison with those at non-cooled RZT in both years.

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