The Circumplex Structure of Depersonalization/Derealization

  •  Robert Sacco    


This paper presents a literature review to determine whether precipitating causes of depersonalization (DP) and
derealization (DR) correspond to the circumplex model of emotion defined by the dimensions of valence and
arousal. DP/DR precipitators are reviewed and classified in relation to the four quadrants of the circumplex
model of emotion. The findings indicate that the valence and arousal dimensions were significant predictors of
emotions expressed in DP/DR precipitators. Implications are discussed with respect to the multidimensional
nature of DP/DR, clarifying normal and abnormal DP/DR, and identifying needed areas of research.

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