Cultural Perceptions and Awareness of Dementia Amongst the People of Ibiaku Issiet Community: A Qualitative Study

  •  Imaobong Olsson    
  •  Hannah Akpan    
  •  Imoh Ekpenyong Akpan    
  •  Uwem Ekpenyong Akpan    
  •  Ndu Ekpenyong Akpan    


This study investigates the perceptions and interpretations of dementia within the Ibiaku Issiet community, focusing on individuals' understanding of dementia, its symptoms, and its impact on affected individuals and their families. A qualitative approach was employed, utilizing semi-structured interviews with open-ended questions. Fifteen participants, comprising men and women aged 34 to 76, were selected from the community, with inclusion criteria limited to those who have a family member with dementia. Analysis of the data revealed various themes, including spiritual influences, punishment beliefs, limited awareness, stigmatization, spiritual beliefs, lack of accessibility to support services, frustration, helplessness, and a call for educational awareness and support initiatives. These findings highlight the importance of cultural interpretations in understanding dementia and underscore the need for increased awareness and support, particularly in communities lacking awareness. Recommendations include government intervention to provide educational programs and allocate resources for tailored support programs for caregivers within diverse cultural contexts.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.