Relationship between Parenting Style and Children’s Obsessive-compulsive Disorder

  •  Nazanin Mostafavi    


Generally, parenting styles are variables that affect behaviors of obsessive- compulsive disorder (OCD). To do so, the present study aimed to examine the relationship between parenting styles with obsessive-compulsive disorder in the students in high schools of Mashhad, Iran. As such, a quantitative methodology in form of a correlational design was employed in this research, which comprised two main variables including parenting styles and Iranian teenagers’ OCD. To address the research objective, 180 teenagers who were students at some schools in Mashhad, Iran, and their parents, completed the study questionnaires which included Baumarind parenting styles Scale (1971) and the Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory (2011). The analysis of the data obtained from implementing the questionnaires was performed through SPSS25 software in two sections: descriptive and inferential (Pearson Correlation Coefficient and regression analysis, i.e. ANOVA). The results showed that there was a significant relationship between OCD and the three parenting styles. Also, the relationship between the authoritarian parenting style and the symptoms of OCD (r = -0.79) was significant in a negative way and with 99% certainty (p</01). On the other hand, there was a positive correlation between authoritarian parenting style and OCD (r = 0/60). Finally, there was a positive correlation between permissive parenting style and OCD (r = 0/55). It can be then concluded that parenting styles can strongly predict OCD and determine 0.64 of the OCD.

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