The Effect of High Shear Homogenization on Physical Stability of Emulsions

  •  T. Silva    
  •  N. Cerize    
  •  A. Oliveira    


Emulsions are thermodynamically unstable systems where droplet size is one of the main factors that affect its physical stability and consequently their quality. In this context, this work analyses the incorporation of a high shear homogenization step in the manufacturing process of an emulsion with the objective of maintaining its physical stability. In order to demonstrate the effects of this homogenization in the manufacturing process, the emulsion characterization was carried out by microscopy, rheology, laser diffraction and analytical photo-centrifugation techniques. The effect of high shear homogenization into the emulsion physical results was dependent on the speed applied to the homogenizer pump, with an effective 3600 rpm speed. There was no evidence of change on pH attributes and emulsion density, although there was a change in volumetric relationship between the droplet family presented in each sample, reducing the population of larger droplets to form a third family of intermediate droplets and increasing the volumetric proportion of the population of smaller droplets. This profile change in the droplet size distribution contributed to increased viscosity and emulsion without the presence of separation after it was submitted to the stress condition of temperature and agitation.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1916-9698
  • ISSN(Online): 1916-9701
  • Started: 2009
  • Frequency: semiannual

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