Can "Withitness Skills" Improve Instruction And Safety For Those Who Coach or Train?

  •  Larry W. McDaniel    
  •  Allen Jackson    
  •  Laura Gaudet    


"Withitness skills" developed by Kounin in the 1970’s have been emphasized as an important classroom tool for student management and instruction. (Kounin, 1970) "Withit" instructors develop the ability to know what is going on in the classroom.  Improving awareness in the classroom may reduce misbehavior and improve instruction. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how "withitness skills" may be applied to coaching and personal training to improve coaching methods, training techniques, and safety. “Withit skills” include withitness, overlapping, momentum, smoothness, group focus, behavior monitoring techniques, and the ripple effect. By improving “withit” skills” the level of skill performance may increase which may lead to more success during competition and fewer injuries.

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