The Dependence on Smokeless Tobacco in the South Asian Communities in East London

  •  Amjad Hussain Khaja    
  •  Abdulsalam Ali Zwiad    
  •  Bassel Tarakji    
  •  Giath Gazal    
  •  Feras Albaba    
  •  Nader KalajI    
  •  Waleed Petro    


BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to understand the dependency on smokeless tobacco.

METHODS: The major aspect of the interview was to study the type of chewing tobacco used, frequency of purchase of chewing tobacco, change in attitude and behavior after the use of chewing tobacco. This study was done in 2005 in London. Of the 110 respondents interviewed 88 were used for the data analysis.

STUDY DESIGN: An exploratory study was conducted in East London, United Kingdom. The selected sample was interviewed through a questionnaire, based on the Severson Smokeless Tobacco Dependence Scale.

RESULTS: Cross tabulations report that in a sample of 88 South Asian UK resident men 46.6% used leaf (paan), 43.2% used processed form of chewing tobacco and 10.2% used gutka. Older age (67%) respondents were more likely than the younger age (30%) respondents to chew tobacco. The frequency of purchase of chewing tobacco is reported high (67.2%) in the older age group than the younger age group (50%).

CONCLUSION: This current study used an amended form of the Severson Smokeless Tobacco Scale questionnaire to study the dependency on smokeless tobacco. The study could be developed in the selection of the sample, which would include both males and females to study the dependency on smokeless tobacco.

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