Structural Analysis Using Aeromagnetic Data: Case Study of Parts of Southern Bida Basin, Nigeria and the Surrounding Basement Rocks

  •  John Megwara    
  •  Emmanuel Udensi    


Structural analysis using aeromagnetic data over parts of southern Bida (Nupe) basin, Nigeria and the surrounding basement rocks was carried out to highlight linear structures and infer the effects of such features on the tectonic events in the survey area. The basin consists of the basal Lokoja Formation, overlain by the Patti Formation and capped by the Agbaja Formation. The basal Lokoja Formation is a sequence of matrix supported conglomerates and sandstones overlying the Pre–Cambrian to lower Palaeozoic basement. Magnetic rocks (iron ore) occur at the central, north eastern and south southern sections of the study area. Trend characteristics of magnetic lineaments were highlighted using the Euler deconvolution method. Werner and Euler deconvolution of aeromagnetic data profiles were utilized to determine the depth to magnetic sources. Depth to magnetic sources along aeromagnetic data profiles ranges from 0.01 km to 0.51 km with an average value of 0.128 km. Deductions made from the research are; mineralization is structurally controlled in parts of the survey area with kaolin occurring along a lineament around Share, western part of the survey area. The occurrence of subsurface linear structures may be due to discontinuities caused by faulting of country rock. Lineaments’ trends inferred include the east–west, north–south, northeast–southwest, north northeast–south southwest and northwest–southeast directions, with the north northeast–south southwest trend being dominant. Werner deconvolution plots for profiles ZZ and HH located at the central and southern sections of the survey area respectively; are inferred to be basement rock fractures beneath the sedimentary rock.

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