Effects of Geometrical Properties of Rectangular Trenches Intended for Passive Isolation in Sandy Soils

  •  Mehrab Jesmani    
  •  Arash Moghadam Fallahi    
  •  Hamed Faghihi Kashani    


Wave barriers are placed actively and passively in the ground to reduce the transmission of vibration produced by industry, traffic, train, etc. They include open trenches, in-filled trenches and sheet piles, etc. In most recent studies, the researchers have worked on parameters such as depth, width, length of trenches and also, the distance between the source of vibration and trench in cohesive soils. Most researches are evaluation on screening induced by shallow foundation. In this study the passive isolation has been investigated with the help of open trenches screening against the vibration produced by deep foundations in sandy soils, and the effect of trench angle and radius have been studied. Moreover, the reasons for amplitude increasing before open trenches have been evaluated. Three dimensional finite element analyses (FEM) with ANSYS software are used to achieve an exact parametric study on passive screening. The assumed strains are less than 10-3so the bilinear Elasto-Plastic behavior has been utilized.

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