Novel Amphibole Geo-barometer with Application to Mafic Xenoliths

  •  Alexander Simakin    
  •  Olga Zakrevskaya    
  •  Tamara Salova    


Amphibole crystallization from hydrous high-magnesium andesite (Shiveluch volcano, Kamchatka) melt has been studied experimentally at pressures 2, 3, 5 kbar. Slightly subliquidus temperatures have been selected for amphibole crystallization. Amphiboles with close to the equilibrium composition have been obtained at low undercoolings in short 4 hours experiments. We select octahedral aluminium content and sum of high charged cations (Ti4+, Fe3+) all evaluated with the 13eCNK method as master parameters reflecting pressure of amphibole formation. Asymptotic maximum of AlVI content at the sum Ti+Fe3+ =0 as a function of pressure was calculated following negative linear correlation trend for each run of the original and published experimental data sets. The derived novel AlVI in amphibole barometer is calibrated in the pressure range of 2-12 kbar for andesitic and basaltic magmas. Reliability and validity of the new geobarometer were tested on the amphibolized ultramafic xenoliths from the Shiveluch Volcano (Kamchatka) and Dish Hill (California). In both cases our estimates appear to be equal within the uncertainty of the method to the predictions done by two-pyroxene geo-thermo-barometer (Putirka, 2008).

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