Water Stable Isotope Composition of Precipitations at Two Stations in Antananarivo-Madagascar: A Comparative Study

  •  Voahirana Ramaroson    
  •  Joel Rajaobelison    
  •  Lahimamy P. Fareze    
  •  Falintsoa A. Razafitsalama    
  •  Mamiseheno Rasolofonirina    
  •  Christian U. Rakotomalala    


In the “Global Network of Isotopes in Precipitation” database, Antananarivo has two distinct datasets from two stations. Thirty-four years separate the two datasets. This study aims on the one hand to depict the variations of the water stable isotopes composition of precipitations from the two stations and understand their origins, mainly in relation to meteorological factors. On the other hand, the Antananarivo data are compared with regional and international data to identify other sources of isotope composition variability in precipitation. Isotope records showed that after thirty-four-year gap, summer and winter (the two main seasons) precipitations are more enriched in heavy isotopes. The precipitation amount fluctuation would mostly contribute to this temporal variation. Opposite to summer and winter precipitations, inter-season rainfalls have similar isotope values after thirty-four years. The two stations are geographically close and the spatial aspect is therefore negligible since there are no latitude nor altitude effects on the isotope composition of precipitations. Regarding the second order parameter d-excess, the monthly mean values from both stations are higher than 100/00 and could indicate moisture recycling. The comparison with regional/international data showed that the isotope variability in precipitation is primarily due to precipitation amount effect, different moisture source, the stations distance from it and the change of meteorological factors along the moisture trajectory.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1927-0542
  • ISSN(Online): 1927-0550
  • Started: 2012
  • Frequency: annual

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